K. R. Wierzbinski, T. Szymanski, N. Rozwadowska, J. D. Rybka, A. Zimna, T. Zalewski, K. Nowicka-Bauer, A. Malcher, M. Nowaczyk, M. Krupinski, M. Fiedorowicz, P. Bogorodzki, P. Grieb, M. Giersig, M. K. Kurpisz
Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most frequent causes of death in industrialized countries. Stem cells therapy seems to be very promising for regenerative medicine. Skeletal myoblasts transplantation into postinfarction scar has been shown to be effective in the failing heart but shows limitations such, e.g. cell retention and survival. We synthesized and investigated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) as an agent for direct cell labeling, which can be used for stem cells imaging. High quality, monodisperse and biocompatible DMSA-coated SPIONs were obtained with thermal decomposition and subsequent ligand exchange reaction. SPIONs’ presence within myoblasts was confirmed by Prussian Blue staining and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). SPIONs’ influence on tested cells was studied by their proliferation, ageing, differentiation potential and ROS production. Cytotoxicity of obtained nanoparticles and myoblast associated apoptosis were also tested, as well as iron-related and coating-related genes expression. We examined SPIONs’ impact on overexpression of two pro-angiogenic factors introduced via myoblast electroporation method. Proposed SPION-labeling was sufficient to visualize firefly luciferase-modified and SPION-labeled cells with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined with bioluminescence imaging (BLI) in vivo. The obtained results demonstrated a limited SPIONs’ influence on treated skeletal myoblasts, not interfering with basic cell functions.