Covalent Graphene‐MOF Hybrids for High‐Performance Asymmetric Supercapacitors

Publish Year: 2020
Publisher:  Advanced Materials, 2020, 2004560
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K. Jayaramulu, M. Horn, A. Schneemann, H. Saini, A. Bakandritsos, V. Ranc, M. Petr, V. Stavila, C. Narayana, B. Scheibe, Š. Kment, M. Otyepka, N. Motta, D. Dubal, R. Zbořil, R. A. Fischer
In this work, the covalent attachment of an amine functionalized metal‐organic framework (UiO‐66‐NH2 = Zr6O4(OH)4(bdc‐NH2)6; bdc‐NH2 = 2‐amino‐1,4‐benzenedicarboxylate) (UiO‐Universitetet i Oslo) to the basal‐plane of carboxylate functionalized graphene (graphene acid = GA) via amide bonds is reported. The resultant GA@UiO‐66‐NH2 hybrid displayed a large specific surface area, hierarchical pores and an interconnected conductive network. The electrochemical characterizations demonstrated that the hybrid GA@UiO‐66‐NH2 acts as an effective charge storing material with a capacitance of up to 651 F g−1, significantly higher than traditional graphene‐based materials. The results suggest that the amide linkage plays a key role in the formation of a π‐conjugated structure, which facilitates charge transfer and consequently offers good capacitance and cycling stability. Furthermore, to realize the practical feasibility, an asymmetric supercapacitor using a GA@UiO‐66‐NH2 positive electrode with Ti3C2TX MXene as the opposing electrode has been constructed. The cell is able to deliver a power density of up to 16 kW kg−1 and an energy density of up to 73 Wh kg−1, which are comparable to several commercial devices such as Pb‐acid and Ni/MH batteries. Under an intermediate level of loading, the device retained 88% of its initial capacitance after 10 000 cycles.

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